Other Unethical Conduct

Misleading or Fraudulent Behavior

Misleading or fraudulent behavior, put simply, is lying, and includes acts contributing to or associated with lying. It takes on any form of fabrication, falsification or misrepresentation.

Examples include, but are not limited to:

  • Reporting false information to gain an advantage;
  • Omitting information or data resulting in misrepresenting or distorting findings or conclusions;
  • Providing false information to explain lateness or to be excused from an assignment, class or clerkship function;
  • Signing in another person's name on any attendance sheet/roster representing them as present when they are not;
  • Falsely accusing another of misbehavior, or otherwise misrepresenting information about another;
  • Providing false information about oneself, such as on an application or as part of some competition;
  • Taking credit for accomplishments achieved by another person or computer-generated material via artificial intelligence (AI) and other emerging technologies;
  • Omitting relevant information about oneself.


Tampering is the unauthorized removal or alteration of college/university documents (e.g., library resources, official institutional forms, correspondence), software, equipment, or other academic related materials, including other students’ work. It should be noted that tampering as a form of cheating may also be classified as criminal activity and may be subject to criminal prosecution.

Examples include, but are not limited to:

  • Intentionally sabotaging another student’s work;
  • Altering a student’s academic transcript, letter of recommendation, or some other official college document;
  • Electronically changing another student’s or colleague’s files, data, assignments, or reports.

Copyright Violations

Academic integrity prohibits the making of unauthorized copies of copyrighted material, including software and any other non-print media. Individuals, under the legal doctrine of “fair use,” may make a copy of an article or copy small sections of a book for personal use, or may use an image to help teach a concept. Examples of copyright violations include:

  • Making or distributing copies of a copyrighted article for a group (on paper or electronically);
  • Disseminating an image or video of an artist’s work without permission, including those found on the internet;
  • Copying large sections of a book.

The “fair use doctrine” regarding use of copyrighted materials can be found at the following link: https://www.copyright.gov/fair-use. Also see the library’s guide on frequently asked copyright questions: https://libguides.tourolib.org/copyright/faqs.

Please contact your campus librarian to get copyright clearance for required reading materials.